Advertisement

Spinal Mobilization and Manipulation in Horses

Published:October 13, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cveq.2022.06.008

      Keywords

      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'

      Subscribers receive full online access to your subscription and archive of back issues up to and including 2002.

      Content published before 2002 is available via pay-per-view purchase only.

      Subscribe:

      Subscribe to Veterinary Clinics: Equine Practice
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect

      References

        • Haussler K.K.
        Equine manual therapies in sport horse practice.
        Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract. 2018; 34: 375-389
        • Bergenstrahle A.
        • Nielsen B.D.
        Attitude and behavior of veterinarians surrounding the use of complementary and alternative veterinary medicine in the treatment of equine musculoskeletal pain.
        J Equine Vet Sci. 2016; 45: 87-97
        • Lange C.D.
        • Axiak Flammer S.
        • Gerber V.
        • et al.
        Complementary and alternative medicine for the management of orthopaedic problems in Swiss Warmblood horses.
        Vet Med Sci. 2017; 3: 125-133
        • Thirkell J.
        • Hyland R.
        A survey examining attitudes towards equine complementary therapies for the treatment of musculoskeletal injuries.
        J Equine Vet Sci. 2017; 59: 82-87
        • Wilson J.M.
        • McKenzie E.
        • Duesterdieck-Zellmer K.
        International survey regarding the use of rehabilitation modalities in horses.
        Front Vet Sci. 2018; 5: 120
        • Hesbach A.L.
        Manual therapy in veterinary rehabilitation.
        Top Companion Anim Med. Mar. 2014; 29: 20-23
        • Haussler K.K.
        Joint mobilization and manipulation for the equine athlete.
        Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract. 2016; 32: 87-101
        • Haussler K.K.
        Review of manual therapy techniques in equine practice.
        J Equine Vet Sci. 2009; 29: 849-869
        • Licciardone J.C.
        Osteopathic research: elephants, enigmas, and evidence.
        Osteopath Med Prim Care. 2007; 1: 7
        • Colloca C.J.
        • Keller T.S.
        • Black P.
        • et al.
        Comparison of mechanical force of manually assisted chiropractic adjusting instruments.
        J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2005; 28: 414-422
        • Sullivan K.A.
        • Hill A.E.
        • Haussler K.K.
        The effects of chiropractic, massage and phenylbutazone on spinal mechanical nociceptive thresholds in horses without clinical signs.
        Equine Vet J. 2008; 40: 14-20
        • Haussler K.K.
        • Martin C.E.
        • Hill A.E.
        Efficacy of spinal manipulation and mobilisation on trunk flexibility and stiffness in horses: a randomised clinical trial.
        Equine Vet J Suppl. 2010; 38: 695-702
        • Gemmell H.
        • Miller P.
        Comparative effectiveness of manipulation, mobilisation and the activator instrument in treatment of non-specific neck pain: a systematic review.
        Chiropr Osteopat. 2006; 14: 7
        • Shearar K.A.
        • Colloca C.J.
        • White H.L.
        A randomized clinical trial of manual versus mechanical force manipulation in the treatment of sacroiliac joint syndrome.
        J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2005; 28: 493-501
        • Verschooten F.
        Osteopathy in locomotion problems of the horse: a critical evaluation.
        Vlaams Diergeneeskd Tijdschr. 1992; 61: 116-120
        • Pusey A.
        • Colles C.
        • Brooks J.
        Osteopathic treatment of horses - a retrospective study.
        Br Osteopathic J. 1995; 16: 30-32
        • Colles C.M.
        • Nevin A.
        • Brooks J.
        The osteopathic treatment of somatic dysfunction causing gait abnormality in 51 horses.
        Equine Vet Educ. 2014; 26: 148-155
        • Ahern T.J.
        Cervical vertebral mobilization under anesthetic (CVMUA): A physical therapy for the treatment of cervico-spinal pain and stiffness.
        J Equine Vet Sci. 1994; 14: 540-545
        • Mayaki A.M.
        • Razak I.S.A.
        • Adzahan N.M.
        • et al.
        Clinical assessment and grading of back pain in horses. Article.
        J Vet Sci. 2020; 21: 10. e82
        • Haussler K.K.
        • Manchon P.T.
        • Donnell J.R.
        • et al.
        Effects of low-level laser therapy and chiropractic care on back pain in Quarter Horses.
        J Equine Vet Sci. 2020; 86: 102891
        • Haussler K.K.
        • Erb H.N.
        Pressure algometry: objective assessment of back pain and effects of chiropractic treatment.
        Proc Amer Assoc Equine Pract. 2003; 49: 66-70
        • Wakeling J.M.
        • Barnett K.
        • Price S.
        • et al.
        Effects of manipulative therapy on the longissimus dorsi in the equine back.
        Equine Comp Exerc Physiol. 2006; 3: 153-160
        • Haussler K.K.
        • Hill A.E.
        • Puttlitz C.M.
        • et al.
        Effects of vertebral mobilization and manipulation on kinematics of the thoracolumbar region.
        Am J Vet Res. 2007; 68: 508-516
        • Gomez Alvarez C.B.
        • L'Ami J.J.
        • Moffat D.
        • et al.
        Effect of chiropractic manipulations on the kinematics of back and limbs in horses with clinically diagnosed back problems.
        Equine Vet J. 2008; 40: 153-159
        • Acutt E.V.
        • le Jeune S.S.
        • Pypendop B.H.
        Evaluation of the effects of chiropractic on static and dynamic muscle variables in sport horses.
        J Equine Vet Sci. 2019; 73: 84-90
        • Long K.
        • McGowan C.M.
        • Hyytiäinen H.K.
        Effect of caudal traction on mechanical nociceptive thresholds of epaxial and pelvic musculature on a group of horses with signs of back pain.
        J Equine Vet Sci. 2020; 93: 103197
        • Taylor F.
        • Tabor G.
        • Williams J.M.
        Altered thoracolumbar position during application of craniocaudal spinal mobilisation in clinically sound leisure horses.
        Comp Exerc Physiol. 2019; 15: 49-53
        • Oliveira C.B.
        • Maher C.G.
        • Pinto R.Z.
        • et al.
        Clinical practice guidelines for the management of non-specific low back pain in primary care: an updated overview.
        Eur Spine J. 2018; 27: 2791-2803
        • van Tulder M.
        • Becker A.
        • Bekkering T.
        • et al.
        Chapter 3. European guidelines for the management of acute nonspecific low back pain in primary care.
        Eur Spine J. 2006; 15: S169-S191
        • Chou R.
        • Deyo R.
        • Friedly J.
        • et al.
        Nonpharmacologic therapies for low back pain: a systematic review for an american college of physicians clinical practice guideline.
        Ann Intern Med. 2017; 166: 493-505
        • Bussières A.E.
        • Stewart G.
        • Al-Zoubi F.
        • et al.
        Spinal manipulative therapy and other conservative treatments for low back pain: a guideline from the Canadian Chiropractic Guideline Initiative.
        J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2018; 41: 265-293
        • Haussler K.K.
        • Hesbach A.L.
        • Romano L.
        • et al.
        A systematic review of musculoskeletal mobilization and manipulation techniques used in veterinary medicine.
        Animals. 2021; 11: 2787
        • Palylyk-Colwell E.
        • Wright M.D.
        CADTH rapid response reports. Tiered care for chronic non-malignant pain: a review of clinical effectiveness, cost-effectiveness, and guidelines.
        Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health, Ottawa2019
        • Smith E.M.L.
        • Bakitas M.A.
        • Homel P.
        • et al.
        Preliminary assessment of a neuropathic pain treatment and referral algorithm for patients with cancer.
        J Pain Symptom Manage. 2011; 42: 822-838
        • Ellis B.M.
        • Conaghan P.G.
        Reducing arthritis pain through physical activity: a new public health, tiered approach.
        Br J Gen Pract Oct. 2017; 67: 438-439
        • de Oliveira K.
        • Soutello R.V.G.
        • da Fonseca R.
        • et al.
        Gymnastic training and dynamic mobilization exercises improve stride quality and increase epaxial muscle size in therapy horses.
        J Equine Vet Sci. 2015; 35: 888-893
        • Shmalberg J.
        • Xie H.
        • Memon M.A.
        Horses referred to a teaching hospital exclusively for acupuncture and herbs: A three-year retrospective analysis.
        J Acupunct Meridian Stud. 2019; 12: 145-150
        • Trager L.R.
        • Funk R.A.
        • Clapp K.S.
        • et al.
        Extracorporeal shockwave therapy raises mechanical nociceptive threshold in horses with thoracolumbar pain.
        Equine Vet J. 2020; 52: 250-257
        • Birmingham S.S.W.
        • Reed S.M.
        • Mattoon J.S.
        • et al.
        Qualitative assessment of corticosteroid cervical articular facet injection in symptomatic horses.
        Equine Vet Educ. 2010; 22: 77-82
        • Prisk A.J.
        • Garcia-Lopez J.M.
        Long-term prognosis for return to athletic function after interspinous ligament desmotomy for treatment of impinging and overriding dorsal spinous processes in horses: 71 cases (2012-2017). Article.
        Vet Surg. 2019; 48: 1278-1286
        • Jacklin B.D.
        • Minshall G.J.
        • Wright I.M.
        A new technique for subtotal (cranial wedge) ostectomy in the treatment of impinging/overriding spinous processes: description of technique and outcome of 25 cases.
        Equine Vet J. 2014; 46: 339-344
        • Michielsen A.
        • Schauvliege S.
        Epidural anesthesia and analgesia in horses.
        Vlaams Diergeneeskd Tijdschr. 2019; 88: 233-240
        • Clayton H.M.
        • Kaiser L.J.
        • Lavagnino M.
        • et al.
        Evaluation of intersegmental vertebral motion during performance of dynamic mobilization exercises in cervical lateral bending in horses.
        Am J Vet Res. 2012; 73: 1153-1159
        • Kowalik S.
        • Janczarek I.
        • Kędzierski W.
        • et al.
        The effect of relaxing massage on heart rate and heart rate variability in purebred Arabian racehorses.
        Ani Sci J. 2017; 88: 669-677
        • Kędzierski W.
        • Janczarek I.
        • Stachurska A.
        • et al.
        Comparison of effects of different relaxing massage frequencies and different music hours on reducing stress level in race horses.
        J Equine Vet Sci. 2017; 53: 100-107
        • Fuglbjerg V.
        • Nielsen J.V.
        • Thomsen P.D.
        • et al.
        Accuracy of ultrasound-guided injections of thoracolumbar articular process joints in horses: a cadaveric study.
        Equine Vet J. 2010; 42: 18-22
        • Boado A.
        • Nagy A.
        • Dyson S.
        Ultrasonographic features associated with the lumbosacral or lumbar 5-6 symphyses in 64 horses with lumbosacral-sacroiliac joint region pain (2012-2018).
        Equine Vet Educ. 2020; 32: 136-143
        • Cousty M.
        • Retureau C.
        • Tricaud C.
        • et al.
        Location of radiological lesions of the thoracolumbar column in French trotters with and without signs of back pain.
        Vet Rec. 2010; 166: 41-45
        • van Zadelhoff C.
        • Ehrle A.
        • Merle R.
        • et al.
        Thoracic processi spinosi findings agree among subjective, semiquantitative, and modified semiquantitative scintigraphic image evaluation methods and partially agree with clinical findings in horses with and without thoracolumbar pain.
        Vet Radiol Ultrasound. 2019; 60: 210-218
        • Derham A.M.
        • Schumacher J.
        • O’ Leary J.M.
        • et al.
        Implications of the neuroanatomy of the equine thoracolumbar vertebral column with regional anaesthesia and complications following desmotomy of the interspinous ligament.
        Equine Vet J. 2021; 53: 649-655
        • Delgado O.B.D.
        • Louro L.F.
        • Rocchigiani G.
        • et al.
        Ultrasound-guided erector spinae plane block in horses: a cadaver study.
        Vet Anaesth Analg. 2021; 48: 577-584
        • Cousty M.
        • Firidolfi C.
        • Geffroy O.
        • et al.
        Comparison of medial and lateral ultrasound-guided approaches for periarticular injection of the thoracolumbar intervertebral facet joints in horses.
        Vet Surg. 2011; 40: 494-499
        • Derham A.M.
        • O'Leary J.M.
        • Connolly S.E.
        • et al.
        Performance comparison of 159 Thoroughbred racehorses and matched cohorts before and after desmotomy of the interspinous ligament.
        Vet J. 2019; 249: 16-23
        • van Loon J.P.
        • Menke E.S.
        • Doornenbal A.
        • et al.
        Antinociceptive effects of low dose lumbosacral epidural ropivacaine in healthy ponies.
        Vet J. 2012; 193: 240-245