Advertisement

Clinical Application of Chinese Herbal Medicine in Equine Practice

Published:October 13, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cveq.2022.06.009

      Keywords

      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'

      Subscribers receive full online access to your subscription and archive of back issues up to and including 2002.

      Content published before 2002 is available via pay-per-view purchase only.

      Subscribe:

      Subscribe to Veterinary Clinics: Equine Practice
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect

      References

        • Xie H.
        Toxicity of Chinese veterinary herbal medicines.
        Am J Tradit Chin Vet Med. 2011; 6: 10
        • Xie H.
        Chinese veterinary herbal medicine: history, scientific validation and regulations.
        Am J Tradit Chin Vet Med. 2012; 7: 5
        • Schoen A.M.
        Results of a survey on educational and research programs in complementary and alternative veterinary medicine at veterinary medical schools in the United States.
        J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2000; 216: 502-509
        • Marziani J.A.
        Nontraditional therapies (traditional Chinese veterinary medicine and chiropractic) in exotic animals.
        Veterinary Clin North Am Exot Anim Pract. 2018; 21: 511-528
        • World Health Organization
        WHO global report on traditional and complementary medicine 2019.
        World Health Organization, 2019 (Available at:) (Accessed March 23, 2022)
        • Newman D.J.
        • Cragg G.M.
        Natural products as sources of new drugs over the 30 years from 1981 to 2010.
        J Nat Prod. 2012; 75: 311-335
        • Tangjitjaroen W.
        • Xie H.
        • Colahan P.T.
        The therapeutic actions of traditional Chinese herbal medicine used for the treatment of equine respiratory diseases.
        Am J Tradit Chin Vet Med. 2009; 4: 7-21
        • Arnold M.D.
        • Thornbrough L.M.
        Treatment of musculoskeletal pain with traditional Chinese herbal medicine.
        Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 1999; 10: 663-671
        • Cahyono T.
        Acupuncture for neurological disease unresponsive to western medications in 94 small animal cases.
        Am J Tradit Chin Vet Med. 2015; 10: 19
        • Zhao P.
        • Su G.
        • Xiao X.
        • et al.
        Chinese medicinal herb Radix Astragali suppresses cardiac contractile dysfunction and inflammation in a rat model of autoimmune myocarditis.
        Toxicol Lett. 2008; 182: 29-35
        • Xie H.
        • Liu H.
        • Merritt A.M.
        • et al.
        Equine chronic diarrhea: traditional Chinese veterinary medicine review.
        J Equine Vet Sci. 1997; 17: 667-674
        • Raditic D.M.
        Complementary and integrative therapies for lower urinary tract diseases.
        Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 2015; 45: 857-878
        • Huang X.
        • Wang S.
        • Wang L.
        • et al.
        Administration of an herbal powder based on traditional Chinese veterinary medicine enhanced the fertility of Holstein dairy cows affected with retained placenta.
        Theriogenology. 2018; 121: 67-71
        • Wilcox D.L.
        • Liu H.
        • Ma Y.
        • et al.
        Comparison of the Chinese herbal formula Hai Zao Yu Hu Tang and methimazole for the treatment of feline hyperthyroidism.
        Am J Tradit Chin Vet Med. 2009; 4: 27-38
        • Gu S.X.
        • Zhang A.L.
        • Coyle M.E.
        • et al.
        Chinese herbal medicine for atopic eczema: an overview of clinical evidence.
        J Dermatolog Treat. 2017; 28: 246-250
        • Feng B.B.
        • Zhang J.H.
        • Xu X.Y.
        • et al.
        Mechanisms of action of Chinese herbal medicines in the prevention and treatment of cancer.
        Am J Tradit Chin Vet Med. 2010; 5: 37-47
        • Song D.
        • Song J.
        • Song X.
        Traditional Chinese veterinary medicine immunology and its application in the treatment of canine and feline diseases.
        Am J Tradit Chin Vet Med. 2008; 3: 24-30
        • Liu J.J.
        • Memon M.A.
        • Ma A.
        • et al.
        Prevalence, clinical features and Chinese herbal medicine prescription patterns of equine patients treated in a veterinary teaching hospital with traditional Chinese veterinary medicine: A retrospective study.
        Am J Tradit Chin Vet Med. 2019; 14: 45-54
        • Memon M.A.
        • Shmalberg J.
        • Adair H.S.
        • et al.
        Integrative veterinary medical education and consensus guidelines for an integrative veterinary medicine curriculum within veterinary colleges.
        Open Vet J. 2016; 6: 44-56
        • Gu S.
        • Pei J.
        Innovating Chinese herbal medicine: from traditional health practice to scientific drug discovery.
        Front Pharmacol. 2017; 8: 381
        • Xie H.
        • Wedemeyer L.
        • Chrisman C.L.
        • et al.
        Practical guide to traditional Chinese veterinary medicine: equine practice.
        Chi Institute Press, Reddick, FL2015
        • Xie H.
        Xie’s 2 W diagnostic system: using “where” and “what” in TCVM diagnostics.
        Am J Tradit Chin Vet Med. 2016; 11: 16
        • Xie H.
        • Preast V.
        Xie’s Chinese veterinary herbology.
        Wiley-Blackwell, Ames, IA2010
        • Zhou X.
        • Seto S.W.
        • Chang D.
        • et al.
        Synergistic effects of Chinese herbal medicine: a comprehensive review of methodology and current research.
        Front Pharmacol. 2016; 7: 1-16
      1. Ma A. Clinical manual of Chinese veterinary herbal medicine. 5th edition. Ancient Art Press, Gainesville, FL2020
        • Vlachojannis J.
        • Magora F.
        • Chrubasik S.
        Willow species and aspirin: different mechanism of actions.
        Phytother Res PTR. 2011; 25: 1102-1104
        • Fan T.P.
        • Deal G.
        • Koo H.L.
        • et al.
        Future development of global regulations of Chinese herbal products.
        J Ethnopharmacol. 2012; 140: 568-586
        • Suh Y.
        The regulation of Chinese medicine in the U.S.
        Longhua Chin Med. 2020; 3: 1-11
        • Food and Drug Administration
        Complementary and alternative medicine products and their regulation.
        (Available at:) (Accessed March 26, 2022)
        • Fleischer T.
        • Su Y.C.
        • Lin S.J.S.
        How do government regulations influence the ability to practice Chinese herbal medicine in Western countries.
        J Ethnopharmacol. 2017; 196: 104-109
        • WHO Expert Committee on Specifications for Pharmaceutical Preparations
        Annex 2 Guidelines on Good Manufacturing Practices for the Manufacture of Herbal Medicines.
        (Available at:) (Accessed March 23, 2022)
        • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Food and Drug Administration
        Botanical Drug Development Guidance for Industry, Silver Spring, MD2016: 34
        • WHO Expert Committee on Specifications for Pharmaceutical Preparations
        Annex 1 WHO Guidelines on Good Herbal Processing Practices for Herbal Medicines.
        (Available at:) (Accessed March 23, 2022)
      2. Dr. Xie’s Jing Tang Herbal, Inc.
        (Available at:) (Accessed June 15, 2022)
      3. Evergreen Herbs & Medical Supplies, LLC.
        (Available at:) (Accessed June 15, 2022)
        • Kan Herb Company
        (Available at:) (Accessed June 15, 2022)
        • Mayway Corporation
        (Available at:) (Accessed June 15, 2022)
        • United States Equestrian Federation
        2022 USEF guidelines & rules for drugs and medications.
        (Available at:) (Accessed March 9, 2022)
        • Fédération Equestre Internationale (FEI)
        FEI warning regarding the administration of supplements to horses.
        (Available at:) (Accessed March 9, 2022)
        • Leung A.Y.
        Traditional toxicity documentation of Chinese Materia Medica--an overview.
        Toxicol Pathol. 2006; 34: 319-326
        • Bensky D.
        • Clavey S.
        • Stöger E.
        • et al.
        Chinese herbal medicine: meteria Medica.
        3rd edition. Eastland Press, Seattle, WA2015
      4. Integrative Medicine: Search About Herbs | Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center.
        (Available at:) (Accessed June 15, 2022)
        • Pasteur C.W.
        Treatment of tendonitis in equines.
        Am J Tradit Chin Vet Med. 2007; 2: 4
        • Osborn M.L.
        • Cornille J.L.
        • Blas-Machado U.
        • et al.
        The equine navicular apparatus as a premier enthesis organ: functional implications.
        Vet Surg. 2021; 50: 713-728
        • Muluye R.A.
        • Bian Y.
        • Alemu P.N.
        Anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial effects of heat-clearing Chinese herbs: a current review.
        J Tradit Complement Med. 2014; 4: 93-98
        • He D.Y.
        • Dai S.M.
        Anti-Inflammatory and Immunomodulatory Effects of Paeonia Lactiflora Pall., a Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine.
        Front Pharmacol. 2011; 2 (Available at:) (Accessed March 26, 2022)
        • Lankenau C.J.
        Efficacy of Wu Mei Wan for treating equine metabolic syndrome related laminitis and uveitis poorly responsive to conventional medicine.
        Am J Tradit Chin Vet Med. 2019; 14: 14
        • de Laat M.A.
        • Sillence M.N.
        • Reiche D.B.
        Phenotypic, hormonal, and clinical characteristics of equine endocrinopathic laminitis.
        J Vet Intern Med. 2019; 33: 1456-1463
        • Mitchell C.F.
        • Fugler L.A.
        • Eades S.C.
        The management of equine acute laminitis.
        Vet Med Res Rep. 2014; 6: 39-47
        • Patterson-Kane J.C.
        • Karikoski N.P.
        • McGowan C.M.
        Paradigm shifts in understanding equine laminitis.
        Vet J. 2018; 231: 33-40
        • McKinney C.A.
        • Oliveira B.C.M.
        • Bedenice D.
        • et al.
        The fecal microbiota of healthy donor horses and geriatric recipients undergoing fecal microbial transplantation for the treatment of diarrhea.
        PLoS One. 2020; 15: e0230148
        • Zhang C.
        • Ma A.
        • Xie H.
        Review of clinical and experimental research from China on 8 Chinese herbal medicines for gastrointestinal disorders.
        Am J Tradit Chin Vet Med. 2014; 9: 16
        • Sykes B.W.
        • Bowen M.
        • Habershon-Butcher J.L.
        • et al.
        Management factors and clinical implications of glandular and squamous gastric disease in horses.
        J Vet Intern Med. 2019; 33: 233-240
        • Sykes B.W.
        • Hewetson M.
        • Hepburn R.J.
        • et al.
        European college of equine internal medicine consensus statement—Equine Gastric Ulcer Syndrome in adult horses.
        J Vet Intern Med. 2015; 29: 1288-1299
        • Yuan E.
        • Liu L.
        • Huang M.
        • et al.
        Effects of complex extracts of traditional Chinese herbs on gastric mucosal injury in rats and potential underlying mechanism.
        Food Front. 2021; 2: 305-315
        • Li Y.
        • Xu C.
        • Zhang Q.
        • et al.
        In vitro anti-Helicobacter pylori action of 30 Chinese herbal medicines used to treat ulcer diseases.
        J Ethnopharmacol. 2005; 98: 329-333
        • Munsterman A.S.
        • Dias Moreira A.S.
        • Marqués F.J.
        Evaluation of a Chinese herbal supplement on equine squamous gastric disease and gastric fluid pH in mares.
        J Vet Intern Med. 2019; 33: 2280-2285
        • Pirie R.S.
        Recurrent airway obstruction: A review.
        Equine Vet J. 2014; 46: 276-288
        • Gold J.R.
        • Knowles D.P.
        • Coffey T.
        • et al.
        Exercise-induced pulmonary hemorrhage in barrel racing horses in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States.
        J Vet Intern Med. 2018; 32: 839-845
        • Liu J.
        • Ma A.
        A randomized, blinded, controlled study on the effects of preoperative oral administration of Yunnan Baiyao for the mitigation of blood loss in dogs undergoing elective spay/neuter surgeries.
        Am J Tradit Chin Vet Med. 2020; 15: 7-16
        • MacKay R.J.
        • Mallicote M.
        • Hernandez J.A.
        • et al.
        A review of anhidrosis in horses.
        Equine Vet Educ. 2015; 27: 192-199
        • Jenkinson D.M.
        • Elder H.Y.
        • Bovell D.L.
        Equine sweating and anhidrosis Part 2: anhidrosis.
        Vet Dermatol. 2007; 18: 2-11
        • Jenkinson D.M.
        • Elder H.Y.
        • Bovell D.L.
        Equine sweating and anhidrosis Part 1 – equine sweating.
        Vet Dermatol. 2006; 17: 361-392
        • Shmalberg J.
        • Xie H.
        • Memon M.A.
        Horses referred to a teaching hospital exclusively for acupuncture and herbs: a three-year retrospective analysis.
        J Acupunct Meridian Stud. 2019; 12: 145-150
        • Atria S.
        • Carson E.
        • Xie H.
        • et al.
        Acupuncture and Chinese herbal medicine treatment of eighteen Florida horses with anhidrosis.
        Am J Tradit Chin Vet Med. 2010; 5: 25-35